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@Jason McCarrell - one note, possibly too obvious, such questions are fallacies in a sense of a part of a rhetorical speech that tries to rightfully persuade the audience of an issue. In the context of a riddle asking such a question is not a fallacy, but a part of the riddle. This is the British English definition of unanswerable.View American English definition of unanswerable. of this criticism, and even going so far as to question the possibility of ever devising absolutely inclusive and, at the same time, exclusive definitions, no sufficient reason is adduced for giving up all attempt at morphological analysis. DisclaimerAll content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only.
Who is considered an invalid?
An invalid argument, is simply an argument where the conclusions drawn do not necessarily follow from the premises used. In contrast, a valid argument is one in which the conclusions do necessarily follow from the premises.
I believe the correct answer to your friends question though is "Mu" (to indicate a question whose "answer" is to un-ask the question, indicate the question is fundamentally flawed -Wikipedia). As to the assertion that all questions are valid, you might ask your friend why he left his shoes untied (assuming of course that he did not). Or the more traditional question, "when did you stop beating your wife?". Definition and synonyms of unanswerable from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education.
How to use criticism in a sentence?
It may be hard to imagine these premises being true, but it is not hard to see that if they were true, their truth would logically guarantee the conclusion's truth. The question "Will the next word you say be 'No'?" can only be answered with "No," which would be a falsehood, or something other than "No," which would also be a falsehood. A question that cannot be answered is not a valid question. I might gently disagree with your friend's assessment that "every question is valid to ask." Cross-examining a witness with "Do you still beat your wife? Answer 'Yes' or 'No'!" is not a valid question when the witness has never beaten his wife. The question itself could also be called a loaded question (yes, it is a part of non sequitur, but when the question implies a problematic assumption I feel this is a more specific term).
unanswerableDefinitions and Synonyms
A deductive argument is sound if and only if it is both valid, and all of its premises are actually true. Otherwise, a deductive argument is unsound. A deductive argument is said to be valid if and only if it takes a form that makes it impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion nevertheless to be false. Otherwise, a deductive argument is said to be invalid. I don't know what to call the question but I tend to agree with MrHen; I would probably refer to it as a fallacious question (though that is not one word).
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The definition of valid is something effective, legally binding or able to withstand objection.
Validity and Soundness
Only if an argument passes both these tests is it sound. However, if an argument does not pass these tests, its conclusion may still be true, despite that no support for its truth is given by the argument.
What is the best definition of validity?
noun. Validity is the quality of being correct or true. When a statement is true and has a lot of evidence backing it up, this is an example of a situation where the evidence supports the validity of the statement. YourDictionary definition and usage example.
Word Origin for valid
This argument is invalid, and all invalid arguments are unsound. It should be noted that both invalid, as well as valid but unsound, arguments can nevertheless have true conclusions.
- I might gently disagree with your friend's assessment that "every question is valid to ask." Cross-examining a witness with "Do you still beat your wife? Answer 'Yes' or 'No'!" is not a valid question when the witness has never beaten his wife.
- As to the assertion that all questions are valid, you might ask your friend why he left his shoes untied (assuming of course that he did not).
- Reflection is often from mere ill feeling, and is likely to be more personal and less impartial than reprehension; we often speak of unkind or unjust reflections.
Arguments with this form are invalid. This is easy to see with the first example. The second example may seem like a good argument because the premises and the conclusion are all true, but note that the conclusion's truth isn't guaranteed by the premises' truth. It could have been possible for the premises to be true and the conclusion false.
Rebuke, literally a stopping of the mouth, is administered to a forward or hasty person; reproof is administered to one intentionally or deliberately wrong; both words imply authority in the reprover, and direct expression of disapproval to the face of the person rebuked or reproved. Reprimand is official censure formally administered by a superior to one under his command. Animadversion is censure of a high, authoritative, and somewhat formal kind. Rebuke may be given at the outset, or in the midst of an action; animadversion, reflection, reprehension, reproof, always follow the act; admonition is anticipatory, and meant to be preventive.
What does your valid mean?
Invalid means that something is not valid. No longer valid means that something was valid in the past, but that is no longer the case. Something that is no longer valid, is currently also invalid, but something that is invalid has not necessarily ever been valid.
The state of being valid, authentic or genuine.Having legal force.A quality of a measurement indicating the degree to which the measure reflects the underlying construct, that is, whether it measures what it purports to measure (see reliability). of the remaining portions or provisions shall not be affected, and the rights and obligations of the parties shall be construed and enforced as if the Agreement did not contain the particular part, term, or provision held to be illegal or invalid. Obviously, the premises in this argument are not true.
13 Answers 13
Blame, censure, and disapproval may either be felt or uttered; comment, criticism, rebuke, reflection, reprehension, and reproof are always expressed. The same is true of admonition and animadversion. Comment and criticism may be favorable as well as censorious; they imply no superiority or authority on the part of him who utters them; nor do reflection or reprehension, which are simply turning the mind back upon what is disapproved. Reprehension is supposed to be calm and just, and with good intent; it is therefore a serious matter, however mild, and is capable of great force, as expressed in the phrase severe reprehension. Reflection is often from mere ill feeling, and is likely to be more personal and less impartial than reprehension; we often speak of unkind or unjust reflections.
Whether or not the premises of an argument are true depends on their specific content. However, according to the dominant understanding among logicians, the validity or invalidity of an argument is determined entirely by its logical form. One can represent the logical form of an argument by replacing the specific content words with letters used as place-holders or variables.
Check is allied to rebuke, and given before or during action; chiding is nearer to reproof, but with more of personal bitterness and less of authority. In short, a deductive argument must be evaluated in two ways. First, one must ask if the premises provide support for the conclusion by examing the form of the argument. If they do, then the argument is valid. Then, one must ask whether the premises are true or false in actuality.
What is the definition of validity in philosophy?
Antonyms: applause, approbation, approval, commendation, encomium, eulogy, panegyric, praise. Synonyms: admonition, animadversion, blame, censure, check, chiding, comment, condemnation, denunciation, disapproval, objurgation, rebuke, reflection, reprehension, reprimand, reproach, reproof, reproval, upbraiding.
One cannot reject the conclusion of an argument simply by discovering a given argument for that conclusion to be flawed. Here, not only do the premises provide the right sort of support for the conclusion, but the premises are actually true. Although it is not part of the definition of a sound argument, because sound arguments both start out with true premises and have a form that guarantees that the conclusion must be true if the premises are, sound arguments always end with true conclusions. Loosely speaking, if the author's process of reasoning is a good one, if the premises actually do provide this sort of justification for the conclusion, then the argument is valid.
What is the meaning of null and void?
noun. an infirm or sickly person. a person who is too sick or weak to care for himself or herself: My father was an invalid the last ten years of his life.